Posts for tag: Fungal Infection
Life can be hard when you are living with an autoimmune disease, especially if that autoimmune disease begins to mess with the health of the skin on your feet. When the skin on our feet starts to suffer, it can affect us greatly as it rubs and moves, causing a constant irritation. One type of autoimmune disease that can affect the skin of the feet is known as psoriasis.
Psoriasis causes skin lesions that range from mild patches and scaling to extreme and extensive red, scaling plaques on the toenails. This condition can cause a nail to become deeply pitted, discolored, have white patches or cause the nail to flake. In some more severe cases, a toenail can be completely lost and removed from its nail bed because of the autoimmune disease.
Sometimes it can be hard to be sure that psoriasis is the true cause of your toenail condition. This is because psoriasis can also appear as if it is chronic infection inflammation of the nail bed. It can also appear as a fungal infection that just won’t quite go away.
Psoriasis of the toenail can be treated. Many podiatrists will prescribe a course of antibiotics to help combat psoriasis along with a topical ointment. There is currently a lot of research being conducted on patients with psoriasis who have issues with their nails. Specifically, biologic therapies are being investigated to better treat this condition due to its unique nature and symptoms.
If you have any symptoms of psoriasis, it is important to see a podiatrist immediately. If psoriasis is caught early, it can be easier to manage. Call Dr. Alan J. Discont and Dr. Krahn of Family Foot & Ankle Care, PC located in Chandler, Arizona. The number is 480-732-0033 or make an appointment online today. Psoriasis can be a very painful disorder. Not only can it be treated and controlled with the help of a trained podiatrist, but the rash can clear up and you can feel comfortable in your feet again.
Skin cancer can develop anywhere on the body, including the feet. Skin cancers of the feet have similar qualities. Most are painless, and often have a history of repeated cracking, bleeding, or ulceration.
Most people associate too much sun exposure as the main cause of skin cancer. However, skin cancer of the feet is more often related to viruses, exposure to chemicals, chronic inflammation or genetics. The skin of the feet is often overlooked during routine medical examinations. Because of this, the feet need to be checked regularly by a trained podiatrist such as Alan J. Discont, DPM or Dr. Krahn to be sure there are no abnormalities.
Types and Symptoms
Some of the most common cancers of the feet are:
Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common form of cancer on the skin of the feet. Most types of early squamous cell carcinoma are confined to the skin and do not spread. However, if the cancer is advanced it can spread to other parts of the body. It often begins as a small scaly bump which may appear inflamed. Cracking and bleeding that recurs is also a sign of this cancer. Occasionally it begins as a hard callus-like region. Though squamous cell cancer can be itchy, it does not usually cause pain. Squamous cell cancer may resemble a plantar wart, a fungal infection, eczema, an ulcer, or other common skin conditions of the foot.
Basal Cell Carcinoma: Basal cell carcinoma is not usually found on the feet but sometimes does occur there. Usually the damage stays mainly in the skin. Basal cell cancers may appear as pearly white bumps or patches that may ooze or crust. They also sometimes look like small benign tumors.
Malignant Melanoma: Malignant melanoma is one of the deadliest skin cancers. This type of skin cancer must be detected very early to ensure patient survival. Melanomas can occur on the skin of the feet or under toenails. They are found both on the soles and on the top of the feet. Malignant melanoma appears in many different ways. Melanomas may resemble benign moles, blood blisters, ingrown nails, plantar warts or bruises.
Asymmetry - When the lesion is divided in half, the sides don't match.
Borders - Borders look scalloped, uneven, or ragged.
Color - There may be more than one color and they can be unevenly distributed.
Diameter – The lesion is wider than a pencil eraser.
A new type of nanochip has been forged from recycled plastic by scientists at IBM and the Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology in Singapore. The technology, which was made by using an organic catalyst, will work by attacking the infected cells in cases of toenail fungus and similar sicknesses.
Project chemist Yi Yan Yang explains some of the science of the chip: “The ability of these molecules to self-assemble into nanofibers is important because unlike discrete molecules, fibers increase the local concentration of cationic charges and compound mass.” Ideally, the nanofibers will take on cells that have become immune to the effects of fungus-treating drugs.
Sometimes toenail fungus can be hard to treat without professional help. For situations like this it’s recommended to consult a podiatrist like Dr. Alan Discont of Family Foot & Ankle Care, PC. Dr. Discont can determine how much the fungus has progressed and help you get the care you need.
Toenail Fungus Treatment
Toenail fungus is a problem which affects many people and is hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating toenail fungus.
Antibiotics & Treatments
Lamisil – is the most commonly effective treatment for toenail fungus. It is available as an antibiotic Terbinafine tablet and cream. Terbinafine is a chemical component which kills fungal growth on the body. Applying regular doses will gradually kill the fungal growth. It is important to keep the area clean and air free.
Talcum powder – applying powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.
Sandals or open toed shoes – wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well
Those who are skeptical or unsure of using Lamisil containing terbinafine may consider the following:
- Alcohol, tea tree oil, hydrogen peroxide, or Vicks VapoRub will help as well.
For more information about Toenail Fungus, follow the link below.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our two offices which are located in Sun Lakes or Chandler, AZ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.
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