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Posts for: November, 2013

Proper Foot SupportDr. Najia Shakoor of Rush University Medical Center led a study that shows footwear which allows natural mobility could relieve people with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Shakoor’s double-blind experiment included 22 OA patients: 11 who were given flexible shoes to wear for 48 weeks, and 13 who were given stiffer ones. The 11 with flexible shoes showed a 73% improvement in pain, 70% improvement in function, and 42% improvement in quality of life. The 13 with stiff shoes showed improvements of only 37%, 40%, and 11% in the same categories, respectively.

The right type of foot support can make all the difference in your well-being. For advice on proper foot support, contact a podiatrist like Dr. Alan Discont of Family Foot and Ankle Care, PC. Dr. Discont can assist in finding the best footwear for your needs.

The Importance of Proper Foot Support

Feet are the foundation of the body, and just like the foundation of any structure, they must be stable and balanced in order to support the all of the body's weight. If they are not, they could cause many problems.

Bad foot support can cause pain or discomfort in the lower back, hips, knees, neck, and shoulder. It can lead to much less obvious problems as well, like stomach aches and headaches. Issues with the feet can lead to emotional stress and physiological changes in the body, including fatigue, blood sugar problems, and adrenal stress. In order to avoid these issues, you must be sure to wear shoes that provide proper foot support.

Of all the different parts of the foot, the arch is the one that needs the most support. This vital structure handles most of the pressure exerted during movement--for each mile someone walks, the arch bears between 200,000 and 300,000 pounds of stress. Arch height varies greatly from one person to another, and changes as a person ages. Proper support can prevent many musculoskeletal problems that may cause inactivity or even disability.

When searching for footwear, one must remember to buy shoes that fit well and that properly support the feet.

To learn more about the Importance of Proper Foot Support, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, feel free to contact our office in Chandler, AZ. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to fit your needs.

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Foot UlcersAccording to Alan Donald, research by several groups had given birth to the development of new techniques for treating DFU’s, or diabetic foot ulcers. Negative-pressure wound therapy utilizes a vacuum to remove liquid and necrotic tissue while oxygen therapy is based on the idea that oxygen could enhance cell division and fibrous tissue disposition. Vascular and microsurgery are considered viable options in cases that could lead to amputation. Stem cell therapy, while showing promise, is still in its infancy stage. Moisture, antibiotics, and oxygen are considered to be the three major components when it comes to wound therapy. Ulcers are caused by breaches in skin that do not heal and are usually caused by injuries, sensory loss, poor circulation or skin infections.

Your feet are an important part of your body. If you believe you are suffering from a systemic disease, you should seek out the care of a podiatrist like Dr. Alan Discont of Family Foot & Ankle Care, PC. Dr. Discont can diagnose your condition as well as provide you with treatment options that work for you.  

Systemic Diseases of the Foot

Systemic diseases affect the whole body, and symptoms usually are displayed in the feet. This condition can make a patient’s ability to walk unbearable. Systemic diseases include: gout, diabetes mellitus, neurological disorders, and arthritis.

Gout – is caused by an excess of uric acid in the body. Some common symptoms include pain, inflammation, and redness at the metatarsal/phalangeal joint of the base big toe. Gout can be treated by NSAIDs, which relieves pain and inflammation and other drugs which lowers the acid levels in the body.

Diabetes mellitus- is an increase in the level of blood sugar in which the body cannot counteract with the insulin in the body. When the body doesn’t produce enough insulin this is a factor in Diabetes.

Diabetes of the Feet

● Diabetic Neuropathy – may lead to damaged nerves and affect the feet through numbness and loss of sensation.

● Peripheral Vascular Disease- can restrict the blood flow to the feet, and often times lead to amputation of the feet. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our two offices which are located in Sun Lakes or Chandler, AZ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Biomechanics involve how the movements of your lower limbs and feet affect the rest of your body.  When the feet aren’t working correctly, you may experience injuries and pains in other areas of the body beside your foot, such as the knees, hips and back.  Even the slightest changes, such as leg length discrepancies or fallen arches, can have a huge impact on your entire body’s ability to function properly without pain or injury.  

If you’re an athlete, many sport-related injuries develop from poor biomechanics of the foot. Athletes with poor foot mechanics are more prone to sustaining lower extremity injuries.   As your body tries to compensate for any anomalies, your muscles, joints and tendons are placed under excessive stress.

It’s important that athletes visit their Chandler podiatrist for athorough assessment of their biomechanics at the first sign of a problem or pain, including footdiscomfort, poor balance, or unexplained corns and calluses. An assessment of your low limbs will help identify what happens in your legs and feet when you walk, stand and run.   A professional evaluation is critical for successful prevention and treatment of any injury or condition. 

Many sport injuries can be traced back to biomechanical problems including:

  • Sprained ankles
  • Back pain
  • Hip pain
  • Shin splints
  • Calluses and corns
  • Plantar fasciitis

Once Family Foot and Ankle Care, PC has identified the problem and cause of your pain, a tailor made treatment plan can be created to restore your lower extremities and feet back to their normal function, thus improving your game. Treatment may involve one or more of the following:

  • Exercises and therapy to stretch or strengthen muscles
  • Orthotic devices that are worn inside the shoe to control, realign or cushion the abnormalities, thus reducing discomfort
  • Footwear modifications

Don’t let poor foot biomechanics compromise your game. Whether you are a full-time athlete or the weekend warrior, your podiatrist can help you return to your favorite sport activity. Not only will performance improve, but injuries will also be significantly reduced with proper treatment.


Plantar FasciitisHouston Rockets player Marcus Camby might be looking at the end of his basketball career. Center Camby, experienced another holdup after ripping his plantar fascia. “My plantar fascia is torn,” Camby told the Houston Chronicle, “I’m trying to do whatever I can to avoid surgery. We’re just going to rehab it and see how it goes in the next two weeks and take it from there. We don’t want to rehab it and nurse it and still have it lingering. That is something I’m going to sit back and figure out and definitely look toward long term, as the season progresses to the second half of the season. I have to be smart about it.”

The schedule to Camby’s recovery is unidentified but it is projected to last between weeks and months.

If you are suffering from plantar fasciitis, it is highly recommended to seek the care of a podiatrist, like Dr. Alan Discont of Family Foot & Ankle Care, PC. Dr. Discontwill examine your heel pain and determine if you have plantar fasciitis before providing the appropriate treatment options.

What is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the connective tissues on the bottom of the foot, causing pain in the heel and arch of the foot.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

· Lack of adequate footwear
· Obesity
· Excessive running
· Poor foot support
· Overpronation

How Can Plantar Fasciitis Be Treated?

· Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices.
· Shockwave therapy – sends sound waves to the areas where pain is experience.  Requires multiple sessions.  This is used for very persistent cases of plantar fasciitis.
· Ultrasound-guided technique with steroid injections into the plantar fascia.  This is from a relatively new and small study, but was shown to be effective in most cases treated.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our two offices which are located in Sun Lakes or Chandler, AZ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Broken toe35-year-old Kara Goucher has withdrawn from the ING New York City Marathon this year, suffering from complications due to a broken toe. Goucher put on her blog that she underwent her injury on her second metatarsal of her right foot during summer training. She had the injury in a training run, which involved cross-training, “850 minutes a week.”

 “Eight weeks later, it was time to start running outdoors,” Goucher wrote. “The marathon was now 10 weeks away, and I needed to get after it! The transition did not go well. My foot ached and my cadence was slow. I recently went back to the doctor and found out that my foot, is healing, but is not healed.

Suffering from a broken toecan be a painful injury to deal with. It is beneficial to be in the care of a doctor who can treat your condition properly. A podiatrist like Dr. Alan Discont of Family Foot & Ankle Care, PC can assess your injury can provide you with the best treatment options for your needs.

What to Know About a Broken Toe

Although most people try to avoid foot trauma such as banging, stubbing, or dropping heavy objects on their feet, the unfortunate fact is that it is a common occurrence. Given the fact that toes are positioned in front of the feet, they typically sustain the brunt of such trauma. When trauma occurs to a toe, the result can be a painful break (fracture). Another type of trauma that can break a toe is repeated activity that places stress on the toe for prolonged periods of time.

Symptoms of a Broken Toe

· throbbing pain
· swelling
· bruising on the skin and toenail
· the inability to move the toe with ease.
· toe appears crooked or disfigured
· tingling or numbness in the toe
· injured person experiences fever or chills throughout their body, and when there is an open, bleeding wound present on the toe.

Generally, a minor toe break will heal without long-term complications, but it is important to discontinue activities that put pressure on the toe. It is best to stay off of the injured toe with the affected foot elevated on pillows. Swelling can be alleviated by placing an ice pack on the broken toe for 15 minutes every two hours then taping the two toes together with medical tape. 

For more information on broken toe please follow link below.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our two offices which are located in Sun Lakes or Chandler, AZ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more on Broken Toe.